Water


$210m Project to Improve Baghdad Water

Iraq: 5 Million Residents in Baghdad to Benefit from Improved Water Supply and Wastewater Services

A US$210 million World Bank project will improve the quality of drinking water supply and wastewater services to 5 million residents in Baghdad who suffer from water shortages and the outbreak of waterborne diseases due to inadequate infrastructure, rapid population growth, and the inflow of internally displaced people.

The Baghdad Water Supply and Sewerage Improvement Project, approved today by the World Bank Group’s Board of Executive Directors will support the Mayoralty of Baghdad and the Baghdad Water and Sewerage Authorities through improvement in utility management, and generate employment during the construction, operation and maintenance stages of implementation.

The project will also help reduce the incidence of water-borne diseases and improve the quality of life, health, and sanitation.

The recently completed National Water and Land Strategy (2015-2035) indicates that Baghdad will need substantial investments in its water supply and wastewater treatment systems over the next 20 years. Given limited availability of public funding, attracting commercial finance will be critical for implementing this ambitious strategy”, said Saroj Kumar Jha, World Bank Mashreq Regional Director. “In close coordination with the International Finance Corporation, this project will focus on creating a more favorable business environment, and on supporting the preparation of feasibility studies and transactions to enable private sector participation in the water sector.

The residents of Baghdad deal with daily water service interruptions, especially during the hot summer months. Baghdad is one of the governorates impacted by outbreaks of waterborne diseases. Leakage from sewer pipes contaminates potable water networks and groundwater aquifers, which aggravates health and environmental problems. Contaminated water supply and improper disposal of sewage force families to spend a significant fraction of their income on medical treatment and to purchase bottled water.

Water supply and sanitation have immediate and major impacts on the quality of life of citizens”, said Thikra Alwash, Mayor of Baghdad. “We are committed to improving public services for the residents of Baghdad and to alleviating the burden households face on a daily basis in getting clean and reliable water supply. We are confident that improved access to these services can significantly strengthen people’s trust and confidence in the state and contribute to building social cohesion when it is most needed”.

Major cities like Baghdad face a growing population but have inadequate water infrastructure and service delivery capacity”, said Abdulhamid Azad, Lead Water Resources Specialist and Project Team Leader. This project will improve the city’s water and sanitations services as well as support the Baghdad Water and Sewerage Authorities in improving their institutional knowledge and preparedness in relation to water security and urban water management. Also, the project will finance capacity-building activities targeted to female technical and managerial staff to increase their professional skills and allow for career advancement within the Water and Sewerage Authorities.”

The project will finance the construction of a service reservoir with a total capacity of 135,000 cubic meters, which will help the city manage its water supply better in case of climate-induced droughts. The project will also rehabilitate existing sewerage pumping stations thus reducing the public health effects of untreated wastewater discharged into the Tigris. The project will contribute to the reduction of physical losses by replacing about 130 km of water supply distribution network and the creation of district metering areas.

(Source: World Bank)

Drought Threatens 1m Acres in Kurdistan

By John Lee.

Nearly 1 million acres (400,000 hectares) of land in the Kurdistan Region have reportedly been rendered barren due to drought.

Faruq Ali, Director of Crop Production at the Ministry of Agriculture and Water resources, told Rudaw:

Due to the lack of rainfall during this year’s plantation season, I predict that nearly 60 percent of land has been planted with wheat compared to last year, and nearly 1 million acres of land have been left barren and unplanted.

“… nearly 40 percent of the wheat planted has been lost.

More here from Rudaw.

(Source: Rudaw)

No Dams Damaged in Yesterday’s Earthquake

By John Lee.

The Supreme National Committee for Water has confirmed that no dams were damaged in yesterday’s earthquake.

Following a meeting chaired by Prime Minister Dr. Haider Al-Abadi, the committee siad it has been instructed to continue monitoring Darbandakhan dam to ensure the safety of its basic structure.

(Source: Media Office of the Prime Minister)

Video: Iran “Reduces Water Supply” over Iraqi Kurd Vote

From Al Jazeera. Any opinions expressed are those of the authors, and do not necessarily reflect the views of Iraq Business News.

While Iraq has taken measures against its semi-autonomous Kurdish region for last month’s secession vote, Kurdish farmers say they’re also being punished by neighbouring Iran.

They say Tehran has stemmed the flow of water to border towns.

Al Jazeera‘s Hoda Abdel-Hamid reports from Qaladze, near the Iraq-Iran border:

Key Water Treatment Plant Reopened in Mosul

The Government of Iraq and UNDP’s Funding Facility for Stabilization (FFS) officially reopened the Al Qasoor Water Treatment Plant at a ceremony yesterday in Mosul.

Al Qasoor is the second largest water treatment plant in eastern Mosul, providing safe drinking water for 35 percent of residents. The plant provides 12,000 cubic metres of fresh water per hour to 24 neighbourhoods, reaching 300,000 people.

Most of the plant’s pumps, valves, switches and control panels were destroyed as well as its chlorination system and filtration pools. Work began on Al Qasoor in early May, even as the fighting in western Mosul continued. The Ninewah Water Directorate oversaw the US$ 1.3 million project, which was implemented by Iraqi company Thfaf Al Rafidain employing hundreds of workers from Mosul.

At the ceremony marking the re-opening of the plant, Ninewah Governor Nofal Hammadi said:

“We are doing everything we can to help Mosul rebuild. I’m proud of the Iraqi workers who bravely began work even while fighting was ongoing directly across the river. This project is a vital step to improving the well-being of the people of Mosul, and we’re grateful for the continuing support from the United Nations.”

High-Level Workshop on Groundwater Management in Iraq

EU and UNESCO organize High-Level Workshop on “Building a Roadmap for Effective Groundwater Management in Iraq”

The European Union (EU) and UNESCO organized a high level meeting on “Building a Roadmap for Effective Groundwater Management in Iraq”, in the context of the EU-funded project entitled “Advanced hydrogeological survey of groundwater resources in Iraq phase 2 (ASHRI-2)”.

The meeting aimed at setting out a path towards developing the future national capacity strategy of the water sector in Iraq.

Building upon UNESCO’s long experience and studies in the field of drought and water resources’ management in Iraq, ASHRI-2 crucially addresses water shortage and scarcity, and its dangerous outcome on socio-economic and cultural development, health, environment and eco-systems.

Since its launch in November 2013, ASHRI-2 has delivered critical data, information and knowledge management tools required for sound management of groundwater resources in Iraq and deployed state-of-the-art methodologies and techniques in geo-scientific mapping of groundwater resources, and IT-based database management, forming important outcomes of the.

Recognizing the Iraqi authorities’ ownership of these products and tools, key project partners including the Ministry of Water Resources in Baghdad (MoWR), the Minister of Agriculture and Water Resources (MoWAR) of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and the Prime Minister’s Advisory Committee (PMAC), discussed a set of recommendations to develop and utilize water resources sustainably.

H.E. Abdulsatar Majeed, the Minister of Agriculture and Water Resources in KRG underlined that “the workshop is an important step for this project and the nation. We are keenly aware of the issues facing our water, particularly those in our region. Groundwater tables are decreasing, ins some areas by 100m. KRG looks forward to engaging in the discussion and has two requests: Firstly, the assistance in developing micro-dams for capturing water for agriculture and multi-purposes in the local areas, including groundwater recharge.

UNDP Improves Access to Safe Water in Sulaimaniyah

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Sulaimaniyah Governorate completed the rehabilitation of the main water network providing safe drinking water to hundreds of thousands of people.

UNDP’s Iraq Crisis Response and Resilience Programme (ICRRP) and Sulaimaniyah Governorate repaired key components of the main pipeline that transfers water from Dukan Lake to Sulaimaniyah Governorate. Pumping stations and a treatment plant were also rehabilitated to help alleviate water shortages and ensure an adequate supply of clean water to households in the Governorate.

At a ceremony on 5 July 2017 marking the completion of the project, Governor of Sulaimaniyah H.E. Omer Ahmed Amin, said:

“In Sulaimaniyah, one in every eight residents is an internally displaced person. The influx of displaced people is putting considerable pressure on public services, in particular water, electricity, health, and education. This project is providing a key service to all women, men and children in Sulaimaniyah.”

The Head of the Consular Office of Japan in Erbil, Mr. Moriyasu Katsumi, said:

“Japan is honoured to be a partner of this important project. We are delighted to see that all inhabitants of Sulaimaniyah, including internally displaced people and Syrian refugees, will equally benefit from improved access to the water supply.”

UNDP’s Programme Manager for ICRRP, Ms. Mizuho Yokoi, noted:

“Water is essential for life. We are glad we contributed to such an important basic service project focused on improving the well-being of vulnerable communities. We thank the Sulaimaniyah Governorate for their cooperation and the Government of Japan for the generous contribution which made this project possible.”

The first step to recovery, after a crisis, is ensuring people have access to basic services. UNDP’s ICRRP is supporting local authorities to deliver services that are fundamental to daily life. Over 2.4 million people in Iraq have access to improved basic services like water, electricity, health, education, sewerage and roads thanks to UNDP.

(Source: UNDP)

New Iranian Dam reduces Water Supply in Iraqi Kurdistan

By John Lee.

Rudaw reports that the construction of a dam in Iran has led to a major reduction in the supply of water to the town of Qaladze in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

The dam in Sardasht is on the Khas river, which flows into Qaladze; water supplies are said to be down 80 percent.

Abdulstar Majeed, the Kurdistan Regional Government’s (KRG) Agriculture and Water Resources Minister is to visit Iran to discuss the problem.

(Source: Rudaw)

A Stabilization Milestone is reached in Fallujah

Marking a key milestone in Fallujah’s recovery, the Government of Iraq and UNDP’s Funding Facility for Stabilization (FFS) re-opened Al Azrakiyah Water Treatment Plant, which provides safe water to more than 60% of the city.

The rehabilitation of the plant was one of the key projects requested by the Anbar Command Cell, which is responsible for stabilizing newly liberated areas.

The team working on the plant repaired the destroyed pump station and supplied key equipment, including water pumps and generators. All of the plant’s buildings and more than 40,000 square meters of land was cleared of explosive hazards by the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS).

Nearly one year after the liberation of Fallujah, the stabilization of the city is well underway. Hundreds of thousands of people have returned home, basic services including water and electricity have been restored, and the local economy is picking up.

Since August 2016, more than 100 stabilization initiatives have been supported in Fallujah through UNDP’s Funding Facility. Grids have been repaired, public infrastructure re-opened and  thousands of people, many from destitute families, have worked on public schemes, earning income while they helped to rebuild the city.

UNMAS’ partner has cleared almost 2 million square metres of land and infrastructure contaminated with explosives including five power plants, 12 health facilities, 13 sewage sites, 19 water points, and 88 schools.

At a ceremony marking the re-opening of the water treatment plant on Thursday, Sohaib al-Rawi, Governor of Anbar, said:

“The newly rehabilitated Al Azrakiyah Water Plant is essential to the improvement of access to safe drinking water to Fallujah households. Water supply projects are critical to improve our communities’ access to safe water and functioning sanitation systems. These projects are vital for sustaining the lives and well-being of men, women and children in Anbar.”

Ms. Lise Grande, UNDP Resident Representative for Iraq said:

“This is a symbol of Fallujah’s recovery. When we first saw the destruction at Al Azrakiyah none of us believed the water plant could be rebuilt so quickly. Everyone has worked together to get the job done in record time. The impact is huge. More than 60 percent of the city will now have safe drinking water.”

Mr. Pehr Lodhammar, Officer in Charge of UNMAS, said:

“The identification and removal of explosive hazards is the first step before stabilization initiatives or humanitarian interventions can take place in liberated areas. In Fallujah almost two million square meters of contaminated areas were cleared allowing stabilization activites to begin, and enabling families to return to Fallujah and to resume their lives.”

Established in June 2015, FFS is working in newly liberated areas in Anbar, Salah al-Din, Ninewa Diyala, and Kirkuk Governorates. More than 1,000 projects are completed or being implemented across 23 locations. Since the start of the crisis, over 1.8 million people have returned to their homes.

(Source: UNDP)

Pell Frischmann completes Design of $700m Iraq Water System

By John Lee.

UK-based engineering firm Pell Frischmann has reportedly completed the design of a $700-million water infrastructure rehabilitation project in Iraq.

According to a report from TradeArabia, the Water Supply Sector Loan Project involves refurbishing aging facilities and building new infrastructure to support the public health of residents in the Ninewa, Anbar and Salah El Din governorates.

Following an international tendering process, the ministry awarded the design project to Pell Frischmann, which has been active in Iraq since 2004.

The company recently won the British ExpertiseInternational Masterplanning Project of the Year’ Award for its work in Iraq.

(Source: TradeArabia)