oil reserves

DNO announces Higher Revenues, Profits, Production, Reserves

DNO ASA, the Norwegian oil and gas operator, today released its 2017 Annual Report and Accounts together with its 2017 Annual Statement of Reserves and Resources and reported improvements across key financial and operational metrics.

Annual 2017 revenues climbed to USD 347 million, up 72 percent from year earlier levels. Operating profit totaled USD 521 million, up from USD 6 million in 2016, with the recognition as other income of USD 556 million under the August 2017 Kurdistan Receivables Settlement Agreement.

Excluding the settlement agreement and non-cash impairments, operating profit in 2017 more than doubled to USD 72 million. And notwithstanding a doubling of operational spend to USD 259 million, the Company ended the year with a cash balance of USD 430 million.

Company Working Interest (CWI) production increased to 73,700 barrels of oil equivalent per day (boepd) from 69,200 boepd in 2016 (operated production in 2017 was 113,500 boepd, up from 112,600 boepd in 2016). Lifting costs last year averaged USD 3.6 per barrel of oil equivalent.

Iraqi Kurdistan

DNO’s production continues to be driven by the Tawke field in Kurdistan, where output in 2017 averaged 105,500 barrels of oil per day (bopd).

The adjacent Peshkabir field, brought on stream midyear, contributed another 3,600 bopd to bring total Tawke license production to 109,100 bopd in 2017. The Company plans to bolster production from the license with 10 new wells in 2018.

We are committed this year to continue to outdrill, outproduce and outperform all other international companies in Kurdistan – combined,” said DNO’s Executive Chairman Bijan Mossavar-Rahmani.

At yearend 2017, DNO’s CWI 1P reserves climbed to 240 million barrels of oil equivalent (MMboe) from 219 MMboe at yearend 2016, after adjusting for production during the year, technical revisions and an increase in DNO’s operated stake in the Tawke license from 55 percent to 75 percent.

On a 2P basis, DNO’s CWI reserves stood at 384 MMboe (up from 368 MMboe) and on a 3P basis, DNO’s CWI reserves stood at 666 MMboe (up from 521 MMboe). DNO’s yearend 2017 CWI contingent resources (2C) were estimated at 99 MMboe, down from 161 MMboe at yearend 2016, following reclassification of certain contingent resources to reserves.

On a gross basis, at yearend 2017, 1P reserves at the Tawke license containing the Tawke and Peshkabir fields totaled 348 MMboe (353 MMboe at yearend 2016) after adjusting for production of 40 MMboe during the year and technical revisions; 2P reserves totaled 513 MMboe (536 MMboe at yearend 2016); 3P reserves totaled 880 MMboe (725 MMboe at yearend 2016) and 2C resources totaled 91 MMboe (211 MMboe at yearend 2016) following reclassification.

International petroleum consultants DeGolyer and MacNaughton carried out the annual independent assessment of the Tawke and Peshkabir fields. DNO internally evaluated the remaining assets.

(Source: DNO)

Genel Updates on Oil Reserves

By John Lee.

Genel Energy has announced the completion of competent person’s reports (‘CPRs’) relating to the oil reserves and resources at Taq Taq, Bina Bawi, and Miran.

McDaniel and Associates have updated the CPR relating to the Taq Taq field (Genel 44% working interest, joint operator).

RPS Energy Consultants Ltd. (‘RPS’), as part of its work on the updated CPRs for the Bina Bawi and Miran West fields (Genel 100% and operator), has finalised its evaluation of the oil resources at both fields.

Murat Özgül (pictured), Chief Executive of Genel, said:

“The 40% replacement of 1P reserves at Taq Taq follows the success of well TT-29w, and reflects the stability in cash-generative production that we have seen from the field in the second half of 2017. The significant increase in high-value Bina Bawi 2C oil resources offers a tangible opportunity for near-term value creation.”

Taq Taq oil reserves

Taq Taq gross 2P reserves as of 31 December 2017 are estimated by McDaniel at 54.7 MMbbls, compared to 59.1 MMbbls as of 28 February 2017, with the difference being production in the intervening period, partly offset by a small upward technical revision.

The CPR results in a 12% reserves replacement for 2P and 40% reserves replacement at the higher confidence 1P level as a result of stabilising production and the integration of well TT-29w. A reconciliation from the reserves reported in the CPR released in February 2017 to the updated estimates in the CPR published today, is shown in the following table:

Gross oil reserves (MMbbls – McDaniel)




28 February 2017








Technical revisions




31 December 2017




Bina Bawi and Miran oil resources

Bina Bawi gross 2C light (c.45◦ API) oil resources as of 31 December 2017 are estimated by RPS at 37.1 MMbbls, compared to 13 MMbbls as of July 2013. The increase reflects higher recovery factors than initially estimated due to integrating learnings from analogue carbonate fields of similar oil quality. As the high-quality Bina Bawi oil is in close proximity to export infrastructure, the field represents a potentially attractive near-term development candidate for the Company.

Miran West gross 2C heavy (c.15◦ API) oil resources as of 31 December 2017 are estimated by RPS at 23.7 MMbbls, compared to 52 MMbbls as of April 2013. Volumes have reduced as RPS has adjusted its view on the oil water contact uncertainty range and also adjusted its view on reservoir properties, including data from MW-5 drilled in July 2013.

Because of field experience at Taq Taq, Genel management has taken the view that it is unlikely that any matrix will contribute to primary depletion at Miran and, as such, has taken a more conservative view and will only record 18.5 MMbbls of viable 2C contingent resources at the field.

Gross 2C Contingent Resources oil (MMbbls – RPS)


31 December 2017

Bina Bawi



Miran West




Summary of Contingent Resources – Development unclarified (Gross 100% working interest basis) attributable to the Bina Bawi and Miran West fields as of 31 December 2017.

Gross (100% WI) Contingent Resources

Gross (100% WI) Contingent Resources

Bina Bawi

Oil (MMbbls – RPS)

Miran West

Oil (MMbbls – RPS)













(Source: Genel Energy)

“Good Quality” Oil Bearing Reservoirs found at Taq Taq

Genel Energy has announced an update on activity at the Taq Taq field (Genel 44% working interest).

The TT-29w well, which was drilled to appraise the northern flank of the Taq Taq field, has been completed as a producer after successfully encountering oil bearing Cretaceous reservoirs.

The well, which was drilled to a measured depth of 3,100 metres, encountered good quality oil bearing Cretaceous Shiranish and Kometan reservoirs. Six zones were subsequently tested over a 20 day period, with test rates of up to 6,400 bpd (40/64 inch choke) of 48° API oil delivered from individual zones.

Four of the five tests in the Shiranish produced dry oil, with one test tight. The Kometan reservoir test produced oil with a 40-50% water cut, confirming the oil water contact within the Kometan reservoir at this location in the field. TT-29w production has commenced from the Lower Shiranish reservoir at a rate of 3,200 bpd of dry oil on a restricted 24/64 inch choke, with the expectation that this rate will increase following an initial observation period.

The TT-29w well has proved a current oil water contact at this location on the northern flank of the field at a level at least 145 metres deeper than pre-drill estimates. Combined with the testing results, management is optimistic for the potential of the northern flank of the Taq Taq field.

However, it is too early to estimate what impact the well result will have on reserves, long-term production rates or future investment activity in the northern flank and the field as a whole.

In addition to the positive result from TT-29w, the TT-30 Pilaspi well was also successfully drilled as a producer in November and is currently producing around c.650 bopd. A further Pilaspi development well (TT-31) is planned before the end of 2017.

Gross production from the Taq Taq field is currently 15,100 bopd. Gross field production averaged 13,700 bopd in November 2017 and has averaged 18,300 bopd in 2017 to date.

(Source: Genel Energy)

Genel Shares Dive on Taq Taq Reserves Writedown

Shares in Genel Energy closed down 14 percent on Tuesday after the company announced a $181-million writedown in the value of its flagship Taq Taq oilfield in Iraqi Kurdistan, in which it has a 44-percent working interest.

In a statement, the company said:

As previously stated, the Company commissioned an updated Competent Person’s Report (‘CPR’) for the Taq Taq field from McDaniel and Associates (‘McDaniel’). The CPR has been completed and is available from the Company’s website at www.genelenergy.com/investor-relations/results-reports-presentations.

Gross 2P reserves for the Taq Taq field as of 28 February 2017 are estimated by McDaniel at 59 MMbbls, compared to 172 MMbbls at 31 December 2015. A reconciliation from the reserves reported in the CPR released in April 2016 to the updated estimates in the CPR published earlier today, is shown in the following table:

Cumulative oil production from the Taq Taq field to 28 February 2017 is 207.9 MMbbls. Of this figure, 1.8 MMbbls has been produced in 2017. The further reduction in reserve estimates for Taq Taq is a consequence of a reassessment of the gross rock volume above the oil water contact and fracture porosity in the undrained Cretaceous Shiranish reservoir. This follows an analysis of reservoir surveillance data and well performance in 2016 and the first two months of 2017.

The McDaniel CPR states that there is still significant uncertainty in Taq Taq oil reserves. In particular, reserves are dependent on the Shiranish formation fracture porosity in the un-swept portion of the reservoir, which remains very difficult to estimate.

The Taq Taq field is currently producing c.19,000 bopd, compared to c.36,000 bopd at the end of 2016. Recently, key producing wells have exhibited high rates of decline as a result of water breakthrough, exacerbating the decline rate across the field.

Given the ongoing uncertainties highlighted above, the previous guidance for 2017 Taq Taq gross average production of 24-31,000 bopd is now removed. The Company currently intends to announce Taq Taq field production on a monthly basis going forward.

As a result of the reserve downgrade announced today, Genel expects to record an impairment, subject to audit, of $181 million to the Taq Taq field carrying value in its 2016 accounts.

Further detail on the Taq Taq field and the near-term development plan will be given in the Company’s results for the year ended 31 December 2016, which are to be announced on Thursday 30 March 2017.

(Source: Genel Energy)

WesternZagros Announces increased Oil Reserves

WesternZagros Resources has announced a 60 percent increase in the company’s Proved plus Probable (“2P”) Reserves and a 250 percent increase in the net present value of the future net revenue of such reserves discounted at 10 percent (“NPV10”).

The company has also provide d an Operational Update and confirmation of receipt of all proceeds for 2016 oil sales.

Reserve Report Highlights

The Company’s Reserves as at December 31, 2016 were evaluated by the Company’s independent reserves evaluators, Sproule International Limited (“Sproule”) for the Sarqala Jeribe / Upper Dhiban reservoir on the Garmian Block located in Kurdistan, Iraq in a report dated February 28, 2017 (the “2016 Sproule Report”).

The 2016 Sproule Report has been prepared in accordance with the definitions, standards and procedures contained in the Canadian Oil and Gas Evaluation Handbook (“COGEH”) and National Instrument 51-101 Standards of Disclosure for Oil and Gas Activities (“NI51-101”).

Highlights of the 2016 Sproule Report in comparison with the reserves evaluation completed by Sproule as at December 31, 2015 include:

  • The estimated 2P Reserves (Gross Block) increased by 60 percent to 20.7 million barrels (“MMbbl”) of oil.
  • The estimated NPV10 of the Company’s 2P Reserves increased by 250 percent to US$113.4 million.(1)
  • On a fully diluted share basis, this NPV10 reflects a value of CAD$0.18/share.(2)

More information here.

(Source: WesternZagros Resources)


Iraq plans Offshore Oil and Gas Exploration

By John Lee.

Iraqi oil minister Jabar Ali al-Luaibi [Allibi] has directed the Iraqi Oil Exploration Company (OEC) to start exploring Iraq’s coastal waters for new oil and gas reserves.

Addressing an OEC conference, the Minister also emphasised the need to focus on areas bordering neighbouring countries.

Iraq recently declared an additional 10 billion barrels of oil reserves.

(Source: Ministry of Oil)

Iraq declares Additional 10bn Barrels of Oil

By John Lee.

Iraqi oil minister Jabar Ali al-Luaibi [Allibi] has announced an increase of 10 billion barrels in Iraq’s oil reserves, bringing its total proven reserves to 153 billion barrels.

He said the increase comes from seven oil fields in central and southern Iraq, but did not name the fields in question.

Iraq will ask OPEC to adopt the new figure.

(Sources: Associated Press, Reuters)

Mattis: “We’re not in Iraq to Seize anybody’s Oil”

By John Lee.

US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis has promised that the Trump administration will not try to take Iraq’s oil.

On Monday, during his first trip to Iraq as Pentagon chief, he told reporters:

“All of us in America have generally paid for our gas and oil all along, and I am sure we will continue to do so in the future … we’re not in Iraq to seize anybody’s oil.”

President Donald Trump has said that the United States should have taken Iraq’s oil during the Iraq War, adding recently “maybe we’ll get another chance.

(Source: Washington Post, New York Times)

Genel Energy Updates on Miran and Bina Bawi Fields

Genel Energy has announced that it has finalised documentation of previously agreed terms of Amended and Restated Production Sharing Contracts (‘PSC’s) and Gas Lifting Agreements (‘GLA’s) for both the Miran and Bina Bawi gas fields.

The Amended and Restated PSCs and GLAs for Miran and Bina Bawi incorporate the commercial terms as announced in the term sheets signed in 2015 by Genel and the Kurdistan Regional Government (‘KRG’) and reiterated in the Appendix below.

With the PSC and GLA terms formally confirmed, Genel will now be able to progress the project. The Company remains committed to developing these large scale, low-cost, onshore gas fields, which will form the cornerstone of gas exports to Turkey under the 2013 KRG-Turkey Gas Sales Agreement.

The GLAs contain conditions precedent, which, inter alia, include the execution of final agreements on the midstream gas processing facilities and pipeline transportation, the execution of the financing documents and the completion of updated competent person’s reports for Miran and Bina Bawi.

Both Genel and the KRG have the option to terminate the GLAs by February 2018. If the conditions precedent are not satisfied within 12 months, the KRG has a right to terminate the GLAs. In the event of termination, and a subsequent failure to conclude new gas lifting agreements within one year period, the KRG can also terminate the Miran and Bina Bawi PSCs.

During the three year period following such a termination, Genel would have a right of first refusal to participate in the development of the Miran and Bina Bawi gas fields with a 49% working interest on the same terms offered to any third party.

Murat Özgül, Chief Executive of Genel, said:

“We are very pleased to have signed definitive agreements for our gas project and are now focused on the next step of concluding negotiations with potential partners, and moving the gas project towards the FID. We are determined that 2017 will be a watershed year as we seek to create a gas business that will be transformational for both Genel and the KRG.”

(Source: Genel Energy)

DNO to Step Up Drilling Campaign in Kurdistan

DNO ASA, the Norwegian oil and gas operator, today announced a stepped up drilling campaign in the Kurdistan region of Iraq and the Sultanate of Oman on the back of 2016 operating profits and improved payments for exports from its flagship Tawke field in Kurdistan.

The Company also released its annual reserves report which showed an increase in combined proven and probable reserves (2P) and contingent resources (2C) following the new oil discovery at the Peshkabir field in Kurdistan.

DNO reported interim 2016 operating profits of USD 6 million, reversing an operating loss of USD 174 million in 2015. Following two years of cost cutting and asset rationalization, the Company is restarting investments to replenish its oil and gas reserves and restore production across its portfolio.

Planned 2017 capital investments are estimated at USD 100 million, and include four new production wells at Tawke. Elsewhere in Kurdistan, the Company plans to drill a third well at Peshkabir and an appraisal/production well at the Benenan field in the Erbil license. In Oman, two wells will be brought back onstream at Block 8 offshore with plans to nearly double output at the West Bukha and Bukha fields.

The Company is considering three additional wells at Tawke to raise production above current levels of around 115,000 barrels of oil per day (bopd) contingent on regular and predictable export payments from the Kurdistan Regional Government.

During 2016, DNO received ten payments totaling USD 210 million net to the Company for Tawke exports and outstanding receivables. Three additional payments totaling USD 59 million net to DNO have been received to date in the first quarter.

These payments create momentum as we move into 2017,” said DNO’s Executive Chairman Bijan Mossavar-Rahmani.

Early production from Peshkabir and transport of oil to the Company’s gathering, processing and export facilities at Fish Khabur 12 kilometers away is under assessment.

The Peshkabir field positions us for production and reserves growth in our Kurdistan portfolio,” said Mr. Mossavar-Rahmani, indicating that the Cretaceous discovery added 47.9 million barrels of oil equivalent (MMboe) of gross 2C resources.

As of 31 December 2016, DNO’s Company Working Interest (CWI) 2P reserves and 2C resources were estimated at 529.6 MMboe, up from 523.1 MMboe at year-end 2015. CWI 2P reserves were estimated at 368.3 MMboe, down from 391.5 MMboe at year-end 2015 after adjusting for CWI production of 25.3 MMboe during the year and a positive technical revision of 2.1 MMboe. CWI 2C resources were estimated at 161.3 MMboe, up from 131.6 MMboe at year-end 2015.

At Tawke, 2P reserves and 2C resources stood at 604.0 million barrels (MMbbls) at year-end 2016, down from 643.2 MMbbls at year-end 2015. Gross proven (1P) reserves stood at 347.7 MMbbls, down from 387.0 MMbbls at year-end 2015. Gross 2P reserves stood at 503.8 MMbbls, down from 543.0 MMbbls at year-end 2015. The reduction in each category reflected total production of 39.3 MMbbls from the field during the year.

International petroleum consultants DeGolyer and MacNaughton carried out the annual independent assessment of the Tawke field. DNO internally evaluated the remaining assets.

(Source: DNO)