Published time: February 27, 2014
A new International Monetary Fund study has found that taxing the super wealthy doesn’t stunt the economic growth of a country, and that redistribution can actually spur gross domestic product.
The paper argues inequality is harmful to a country’s growth, and that redistributing wealth using taxes can reduce inequality and boost growth and the length of growth cycles.
“There is surprisingly little evidence that increases in tax rates impede medium-to-long-run economic growth,” the IMF paper says.
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Growth inequality is more common in countries that redistribute less, and more equal societies have “faster and more durable growth”. The paper addresses extremes in the formula that sometimes suggest huge redistribution has a negative effect on growth.
America’s tax authority, the International Revenue Service, released a report in November 2013 that shows that the US’s richest 1 percent now owns 31 percent of its wealth, while the rest of the population experienced an income rise of only 1 percent.
A recent Oxfam study shows that up to 146 million Europeans are at risk of falling into poverty by 2025, and 50 million Americans are currently suffering from severe financial hardship.
“We find that higher inequality seems to lead to lower growth. Redistribution, in contrast, has a tiny and statistically insignificant (slightly negative) effect,” the IMF paper states.
However, the report admits that labor supply could be adversely affected by a top heavy tax scheme.
“Redistribution that takes from the rich and gives to the poor is likely to reduce the labor supply of both the rich (who are taxed more) and the poor (insofar as they receive means-tested benefits that reduce incentives to work),” the report said.
The IMF study, compiled by researchers Jonathan Ostry, Andrew Berg and Charalambos Tsangarides and published by Oliver Blancard, the institution’s chief economist and released on Wednesday, is meant to serve as a ‘discussion note’ and not an official stance of the Washington-based institution.
“Redistribution, Inequality, and Growth” stops short of declaring the paper economic gospel, as the authors admit the data, and discipline of economic theory, is complex and many different variables are at play.
‘Tax the rich’ has become the main mantra of Warren Buffet, America’s second richest man, who has urged Congress to raise taxes on millionaires to 30-35 percent.